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  issue 5, year XVIII, 2011
IURIE LEANCĂ, MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Exclusively for "Europe 2001" magazine

Page 3

H. E. MR. ALEXANDRU PRIGORSKI, AMBASSADOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Interview by Valentin Kostov

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BILATERAL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
By the Department of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus Mountains and Central Asia

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The bilateral relations between Moldova and Bulgaria were established on 5th February 1992. In September 1992 the Moldavian President Mircea Snegur makes the first official state visit to Bulgaria. After that, the Bulgarian president Zelio Zelev visits Moldova in December 1994. Until now the two countries have entered into 47 agreements. Bulgaria and Moldova have eased the visa regime for each other. Moldova is a traditional trade partner to Bulgaria.

MOLDOVA’S ECONOMY
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 10

The program of the Moldavian government from 2011 to 2014 is called "European integration: freedom, democracy, prosperity". The European integration and the Moldovans’ prosperity are among the objectives of the program. There is a tendency to a stable economic growth in Moldova. Main trade partners of the country are Russia, Romania and Ukraine. Today there are seven free economic zones in Moldova.

THE HISTORY OF MOLDOVA FROM ANCIENT TIMES TO NOWADAYS
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 12

We gain information for the past from documents and texts, written by ancient and medieval authors. There we find information for the symbols of Moldova: the flag, the national emblem and the state seal. In the past the Moldavian flag was red and over it was the image of St. George. The main colours of the Moldavian flag nowadays are blue, yellow and red. A head of a bull is printed over the national emblem of Moldova, which is main element of the Moldavian state seal.

THE HERITAGE IN MOLDOVA’S MUSEUMS
By Ilina Vasileva

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THE LIGHTS AND THE SHADOWS OF MOLDOVA’S SUN - THE WEDDINGS OF STEFAN CEL MARE
By Venelin Sapundziev

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Stefan The Great and Holy was a direct descendant of the dynasty of Bogdan - the founder of Moldova. Stefan Cel Mare ascended the throne in the 15th century. Stefan the Great and Holy was a great warrior. His battle flag is preserved in the Zograf Monastery on the Aton Peninsula. The inheritors of Stefan Cel Mare continued his great deed.

DIMITRIE CANTEMIR
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 18

Dimitrie Cantemir was a Moldavian public figure and a scientist. He played a main role in Moldova’s political life. In his time he was a well-educated man. He spoke fluently foreign languages, made researches and wrote scientific works.

THE YOUNG BESSARABIAN BULGARIANS IN SEARCH OF THEIR IDENTITY
By Alexandra Gorbunenko

Page 19

The Bessarabian Bulgarians settle in Moldova mainly in the 19th century. At the end of the 20th century they are already a community with officially acknowledged language and culture. A research among Bessarabian students from the Taraclia University in Moldova in 2010 shows that 39% of the interviewees recognize themselves as citizens of Moldova and only 18% as Bulgarians. The young Bessarabian Bulgarians want to keep their Bulgarian self-awareness but also to integrate in the Moldavian society.

THE BULGARIAN SETTLERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 20

Today the Bessarabian Bulgarians in Moldova are about 80 000. The vast majority lives in Taraclia. There are Bulgarian schools in Moldova. One of the languages of education in the University of Taraclia is Bulgarian. Many Bulgarian cultural organizations have been established in Moldova. Although the Bessarabian Bulgarians have not been living in Bulgaria for ages, they have managed to keep their mother language, the national folklore, traditions and customs.

NATURE AND TOURISM
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 22

Moldova is situated between the two big rivers Dniester and Prut. In Central Moldova is the Central-Moldavian Plateau "Codri". Here is the country’s highest point - Bălănești Hill. In the southern part of the country is situated the Tigech eminence. Here you can find the biggest lake - Beleu. Other landmarks in Moldova are the Emil Racovita cave, the defiles Butest, Duruitoarea and Saharna and the several research reserves.

FOUNDERS AND CLOISTERS OF THE ZOGRAF MONASTERY FROM MOLDOVA
By Goran Blagoev

Page 28

The most generous donators of the Zograf monastery are the orthodox kings of Moldova. Some of them are Alexander The Good, Joan Bogdan, Joan-Stefan IV the Great. In 1575 Peter VI donates money for the monastery. Vasili Lupu bestows two monasteries on the Zograf: "Dobrovets" and "Kiprian". With these donations the Zograf helped the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire build schools and churches.

THE THEATRES OF MOLDOVA
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 30

The theatre of Moldova has a beautiful story, talented actors and faithful audience. The most famous Moldavian theatres are The National Theatre Mihai Eminescu ("Național Mihai Eminescu"), National opera and ballet theatre, "Eugène Ionesco" theatre, "Licurici" theatre and "Guguță" theatre.
The national theatre Mihai Eminescu was established on 10th October 1920 from a group of public figures. The debut performance was "Fântâna Blanduziei" by Vasile Alecsandri.
The national opera and ballet theatre was founded in 1956. It has own ballet artists.
The "Eugène Ionesco" is among the most famous theatres in Chișinău.
The "Licurici" theatre offers shows for people at different age.
"Guguță" is the second professional puppet show theatre in Chișinău. It was founded in 1992 by Victor Stefaniuk.

THE PLACE, CALLED CHIȘINĂU
By Venelin Sapundziev

Page 32

Chișinău is a city of 7 hills. It has survived several destructions, one earthquake and two world wars. Some of the sightseeing in Chișinău are the City-hall, the national library, the Triumphal arch, the "Nasterea Domnului" Cathedral, the church St. Panteleimon, the park "Stefan cel Mare" and the many museums.

THE WINE CITIES OF MOLDOVA
By Ilina Vasileva

Page 36

Moldova is known by its qualitative wine. The biggest cellars in the whole world without a doubt are in Krikova. The total length of the underground galleries is more than 36 miles. The Feteaska, Pino, Dionis, Chradonnay, Sauvignon and Cabernet are being produced here. Krikova applies strictly to the classical French technologies for the production of sparkling wine. The only factory for production of the famous drink Sherry is in Ialoveni. The wine collection of Milestii Mici consists of more than 2 million bottles.

YOU ENTER THE POETRY WITH AN OPEN HEART
Interview by Ognian Stamboliev

Page 38

POETRY BY GRIGORE VIERU

Page 40

THE TWO LADIES, NAMED MARIA, WHO MADE MOLDOVA FAMOUS
By Ognian Stamboliev

Page 42

Maria Chebotari was a wonderful singer and actress. She graduated the College of music in Chișinău. Her big debut was in 1931 with "La bohème" by Puccini. Her cinema debut was in 1930.
Maria Biesu also graduated the College of music in Chișinău. Her debut in 1962 was with "Tosca" by Puccini. She specialized in La Scala, Italy. Biesu has won many awards from different international competitions. A festival for young talents in Moldova is named after Maria Biesu.

THE MILLENARY ROOTS OF THE MOLDAVIAN MUSICAL CULTURE
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 44

The professional musical culture in Moldova grew up in the Moldavian Principality around 1500. In 1836 was established the first Musical Institute - the Philharmonic-Drama Conservatory. Famous Moldavian musicians are Nikolae Sulak, who became a legend of the Moldavian folklore, the tenor Mihail Munteanu and Eugene Doga, who is author of the music of more than 200 movies. Doga writes songs for the theatre too.

AN INCREDIBLE WALK THROUGH THE WINE STREETS OF MOLDOVA
By Venelin Sapundziev

Page 46

Moldova is famous by its wine cellars. Krikova is an unbelievable underground wine city with more than 20 halls. Here are preserved some of the most popular wine collections. The wine in Branesti is also qualitative. Not far from Branesti are the cellars of Ialoveni, where the best aperitif wine is being produced. Another cellar in Moldova is the one in Hanchesti. In Milestii Mici is the world’s biggest wine collection, written as Guiness record.

THE TASTE AND THE COLOUR OF MOLDOVA’S CUISINE
By Venelin Sapundziev

Page 48

"Casa Mare" is a particular place in every Moldovan’s house. This is the most beautiful room, the corner for special guests. The beginning of the night in "Casa Mare" must be with Sherry Brandy. After the small appetizer you can continue only with the popular "cuika", which is a kind of the famous Balkan drink "rakia". Dried fruit or "Brunza" cheese are a good relish. It is better if the meatballs, which you eat in Moldova, are from three different kinds of meat. Delicious are the popular Moldavian griddle-cakes. That is how you spend a real night in Moldova.

MOLDAVIAN CUISINE
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 49

IONA TUKUSER
By Dochka Kisiova-Gogova

Page 50

FAMOUS PEOPLE FROM MOLDOVA:
By the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova

Page 53

VASILE LUPU
ALEXANDRU HAJDEU
VASILE ALECSANDRI
TAMARA CHIOBANU
GLEB SAINCIUC
EMIL LOTEANU
ION SURUCEANU
IAN RAIBURG

PHOTOATELIER PRESENTS:
WWW.TURISM.GOV.MD PRESENTS: THE PRODUCING OF WINE IN MOLDOVA

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LITART PRESENTS: 7 POETS FROM MOLDOVA:

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ANATOL CHIOCANU
NINA JOSU
VASILE RAMANCHIUK
MARCELA BENEA
IULIAN FILIP
ANATOL GUJEL
NIKOLAE DABIJA

ATELIER PRESENTS:
NIKOLAI BUZOV: I AM JUST A PLAYING MAN
By Ognian Stamboliev

Page 66

THE FAIRY WORLD OF STOICHO ZELEV
by Dochka Kisiova-Gogova

Page 68
Translated by Ilina Vasileva
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