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  issue 5, year XVI, 2009

TEMIRTAY IZBASTIN, CHARGE D'AFFAIRES OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN IN BULGARIA, EXCLUSIVELY FOR EUROPE 2001 MAGAZINE

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KAZAKHSTAN: PROFILE

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KAZAKHSTAN AND BULGARIA: MUTUAL ACQUAINTANCE
By Nina Dyulgerova

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For the last twenty years Kazakhstan and Bulgaria have been passing through fundamental political and social-economic transformations. After the end of the bipolar world and the demolition of the soviet system both Bulgarian and Kazakh societies encountered various challenges, which put to the test such important state indicators as identity, traditions and integrity. It was believed that both countries would turn into arenas of interethnic and religious conflicts but both proved that they could be a place for peaceful living together of people of different confessions and ethnic groups.

INVESTMENT POLICY OF KAZAKHSTAN
By Ministry of industry and trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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The main objective of Kazakhstan's investment policy is to create favourable investment climate in the country and to stimulate the flow of foreign direct investments. Today Kazakhstan is among the leaders among the members states of the Commonwealth of the Independent States as far as attracting of foreign direct investments is concerned.
In 2003 the Investments Law was adopted. It regulates the legal and economic base for investment stimulation. It ensures stability and safety for international contracts and regulates the state activity concerning investors.
Social-entrepreneur corporations play a crucial role for the fast diversification of the economy of the country. They function in seven macro regions in Kazakhstan as regional institutions for development, which conduct the state assets they are in charge of.

OSCE AND KAZAKHSTAN
By the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 14

The history of the OSCE started in the 60's and the beginning of 70's of XX century with a number of important initiatives of the foreign policy of USSR called "soviet peaceful offensive". Nowadays OSCE is a major regional organization with 56 member states from North America, Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia.
Historic for Kazakhstan is the 15th meeting of the Ministers of foreign affairs in Madrid (28-30 November 2007) when it was decided Kazakhstan to preside OSCE in 2010. Kazakhstan has been a full member of the organization since 1992 and will be the first of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States to preside it.

THIRD CONGRESS OF THE LEADERS OF THE WORLD TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS
By the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 17

On Kazakhstan's initiative the Third congress of the leaders of the world traditional religions took place on 1st and 2nd July 2009 in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan. The representatives meet once in every three years for a round-table talk over the effective ways to overcome the problems in the relations between people of different religions.
Kazakhstan is called "the crossroads of civilizations" because it is a natural border between the major world religions - Islam, Christianity and Buddhism. For centuries the Kazakh territory has been inhabited with representatives of various nations, who lived and worked together. Nowadays full freedom is insured to all religions - Muslims, Christians - Orthodox and Catholics, Protestants, etc.

ABOUT THE PROGRESS OF THE REALIZATION OF THE "ROAD MAP"
Gulshara Abdykalikova, Minister of labour and social defense of the population in the Republic of Kazakhstan
From an interview of Kazinform Information Agency

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A "Road map" project was carried in Kazakhstan's government that intends to minimize the negative effects of the world economic crisis, to proceed modernizing the economy and to implement the employment strategy. Many people will be employed in the repairing of edifices of sports, education, healthcare, etc. A special commission has been created by government in order to assist the prequalification of specialists, stabilization of the labour market and to ensure regional and local employment.

TOWARDS ACHIEVEMENT OF THE AIMS
Talgat Musabaev, Chairman of the National Cosmic Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Practically space activity is an incessantly developing source of innovation technologies in all scopes of contemporary life. Many industry and service branches in the world economy are directly related to the development of space studies. The leading countries in space research have been consecutively enlarging their scientific and production potential. The space branch is one of the newest and at the same time of high priority for the state policy.

"NEVADA - SEMIPALATINSK"
By the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 25

The test area in Semipalatinsk is among the world's largest nuclear weapon test areas. It is situated in Kazakhstan, on the border between the regions of Semipalatinsk (now East Kazakhstan), Pavlodarsk and Karaganda, 130 km north-east from Semipalatinsk. Its area is 18 000 sq.km.
On 28th February 1989 thousands of people demonstrated in front of the building of the Writers Union in Kazakhstan. Actually, this was when the history of the movement "Nevada - Semipalatinsk" began. A delegation from Nevada, USA, arrived in Kazakhstan and a peaceful procession was held, which called for suspension of all nuclear tests all over the world. This was how the local movement turned into international and acquired its name.
On 29th January 1991 Kazakhstan created a precedent by closing the biggest in the world nuclear test area not for technical reasons, but as a practical contribution to the decrease of the global nuclear threat.

KAZAKHSTAN: TOURIZM AND TRAVELS
By the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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A STATE OF CONTRASTS
By John Ordway

Page 32

Kazakhstan is a state of sharp, even extreme contrasts. It is a vast state, with the size of Western Europe but with population of just 15 million. A state of impressive mountain peaks, rapid rivers, large waterfalls, glaciers and alpine pastures. A state of endless steppe with hills and green pastures. A dry, arid state, where the ground is cracked and no plants grow. A state of bitter Siberian cold, where temperatures are regularly around -40 Co. A state with scorching summer heat and temperatures reaching +40 Co. This is a country blessed (though according to some cursed) with abundant reserves of petroleum and gas, as well as of literary all types of mineral resources - from gold and platinum to ores and uranium. Kazakhstan is a major producer and exporter of wheat. It is situated on the Silk way, the cross point of Europe, Asia and the Middle East.

ALMATY
By Ivelina Balcheva

Page 35

Almaty - the green city, the city-garden, the south capital of Kazakhstan, changed and renewed, welcomes its guests with its beautiful boulevards, parks and unique architecture.

KAZAKH FESTIVALS: A REAL CHILDREN'S FEAST
By Nikolay Tekeliev, Manager of the Bulgarian News Agency

Page 40

In Kazakhstan great attention is paid by the state to the development and growing of children. An excellent example for this state policy is the great number prestigious festivals for children's art, which take place in Kazakhstan annually. Today many children from various countries around Europe, Asia and the rest of the world hope to be invited to Boztorgay or Shattak Festivals, while every year hundreds of Kazakh children win the first prizes at contests around the world. They take part in these festivals and contests with the financial help of the government and the local authorities. These children always manage to draw the attention to their talent, including in many festivals in Bulgaria.

THE SONG OF THE FIRST LOVE IS ALWAYS ALIVE
By the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 43

Many different festivals take place in Kazakhstan, such as:
- The Retro festival in Almaty "Alma-ata - my first love" (the city of Alma-Ata is renamed to Almaty in 1993);
- The Festival for classical music "Concerts in motherland" with concerts in Almaty and Astana;

PROTECT YOUR HONOUR, NOT YOUR POSSESSIONS
From "Rituals and traditions of the peoples of Kazakhstan"
Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 47

The land of Kazakhstan has preserved many traditions. Since the birth nomads take care of the fragile human life and find their way thanks to the signs of the Great steppe. Every generation of Kazakhs, regardless of the epoch and the conditions, respects the precept of its ancestors synthesized in the proverb: "Even if you starve for six years, do not forget your forefathers".
You will barely find a Kazakh who is not aware of the meaning of terms and symbols such as suinshi, shildehana, sundet, toy, baygazy, betashar, etc.

UNIQUE ORIGINALITY AND COMFORT
Ministry of culture and information of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Page 50

National costumes represent the rich historical and cultural heritage, while studying them we can get acquainted with the traditions and rituals of a particular nation. The Kazakh national costumes are distinguished for their unique originality. Probably the reason is that Kazakhs have always lived very close to the nature and have lead a nomadic way of life.

NOTABLE PERSONALITIES FROM KAZAKHSTAN

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PHOTOATELIER PRESENTS INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL "MUSIC IN THE OBJECTIVE"

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LITART PRESENTS ABAY

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YASSEN VASILEV

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ALEKSANDRA IVOYLOVA

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ATELIER PRESENTS VESELIN STAIKOV: NONSENSE FROM STANIMAKA
By Maria Dimitrova

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KRASIMIR BEKYAROV: THE RELATION BETWEEN METAL AND CERAMICS
By Dochka Kisyova-Gogova

Page 68
Summaries translated by
Maria Angelova
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