|| issue 2, year XX, 2013
SPEECH OF TIGRAN SARGSYAN - PRIME MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
H.E. ARSEN SHOYAN, AMBASSADOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Interview by Valentin Kostov
THE ARMENIAN APOSTOLIC CHURCH
By Abgar Ovakimyan
Armenia was the first country, which acknowledged Christianity as an official religion. Since the Armenians have inhabited Bulgaria for centuries, they have managed to build up their spiritual life here. In 2011 the Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church in Bulgaria was officially founded.
AGOP KARAKASHYAN ABOUT THE NEW ARMENIAN CHURCH IN SOFIA
Interview by Ilina Vasileva
THE BILATERAL PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN ARMENIA AND BULGARIA
The diplomatic relations between Armenia and Bulgaria were established on 18th January 1991. Since then the two countries have signed over 45 bilateral agreements. Several high level visits have developed the partnership further. The economic relations between Bulgaria and Armenia are still not active enough. The cultural dialogue is stable.
ARMENIA - A STEADY ECONOMIC PARTNER
Armenia is a country with a growing market, offering good business opportunities to its partners. Russia, EU and USA are among the biggest investors in Armenia. In 2012 the most profitable fields in Armenia were industry, services, agriculture and construction. The main products Armenia exports are metals, food, mineral products and knitted fabrics.
TRHOUGH THE ARMENIAN CHRONICLES
By Agop Garabedyan
Through the ages Armenia was conquered by different nations. In the 5th century the country was divided into east and west part. In the 16th century A.C. the Ottoman Empire conquered West Armenia and Persia occupied East Armenia.
In 1828 East Armenia became part of Russia and the Armenian question about the freedom of Armenians from the Ottoman Empire occurred. As a result of the Turkish systematic extermination towards the Armenians 300 000 Armenians were killed and another 300 000 were forced to emigrate.
On 28th May 1918 the First Republic of Armenia was proclaimed independent. However in 1920 ArmeniaвЂ™s territory was divided into Turkish and Soviet part, which sharpened the Nagorni Karabah conflict. On 2nd September 1991 Nagorni Karabah proclaimed its own independence. Armenia was officially independent on 21st September 1991.
YEREVAN - WORLD BOOK CAPITAL
In 2012 UNESCO declared Yerevan for World Book Capital, which coincided with the 500th anniversary of the printing of the first Armenian book. On the occasion in the National Library of Bulgaria was opened an exhibition of ancient Armenian books. The Bulgarian Vice President Margarita Popova, the Armenian Minister of Culture Hasmik Poghosyan and the Ambassador of Armenia to Bulgaria Arsen Shoyan attened the event.
THE ARMENIAN GOLDSMITHS
THE ARMENIAN CARPETS
By Hakob Grigoryan
Saint Echmiadzin is an Armenian spiritual center and a communication table of the Armenian Apostolic church. It was built in 301 after Christianity became an official religion in the country. Saint Echmiadzin aims at helping the poor and educating young people in the values of Christianity. Thanks to it over 100 new churches and schools are built every year.
THE ARMENIAN PARTICIPATION IN THE BULGARIAN HISTORY
By Zhivka Toneva
During his visit in Bulgaria in 1813 the Armenian linguist Minas Buzhushkyan wrote a letter and described the Bulgarian celebration of the deed of Saints Cyril and Methodius in the Bulgarian city of Shoumen. This is thought to be the first civil celebration of the Saints. In the end of the 19th century the Armenian teacher Agop Ormandzhyan found this letter in the Vatican library. On the occasion of this feast locals in Shoumen organize a reconstruction of this important event.
THE REPUBLIC OF ARTSAKH
By A. Beglaryan
Nagorno-Karabakh is a democratic republic in the South Caucasus with a population of about 150 000 people. Its independence was declared on 2nd September 1991. After the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1994, the governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan have been holding peace talks mediated by the OSCE Minsk Group on the regionвЂ™s disputed status. Since 2007 president of Nagorno-Karabakh has been Bako Saakyan. Official language of the country is the Armenian.
By A. Beglaryan
Artsakh is known by its ancient monasteries, which are an evidence for the deep faith of all Armenian people.
Gandzasar Monastery was built in 1238. Its most famous part is the Saint John church.
Amaras Monastery is the most famous Armenian medieval monastery.
Dadivank Monastery is among the most visited spiritual centers in Nagorno-Karabakh.
ARTSAKHвЂ™S UNKNOWN FACES
The city of Stepanakert is the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh and has population of about 50 000 people. Its most famous sightseeing is the "We and our mountains" monument, which symbolizes health and long life.
The city of Shoushi is situated on the top of a steep mountain. With its numerous museums, galleries and monument it is thought to be the cultural center of Nagorno-Karabakh.
The city of Tigranakert is famous by its archeological remains, which show its medieval look. It has a status of an archeological and cultural reserve.
MATENADARAN - IN THE WORLD OF THE MANUSCRIPTS
Matenadaran is an Armenian science institute, founded in 1920, which preserves between 14 000 and 17 000 Armenian books and manuscripts. People started to collect these books somewhere in the 5th century, when the Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots. The smallest and the biggest book in the world can also be found here. There is a museum, built next to Matenadaran, which was founded in 1957.
THE OLDEST WINERY IN THE WORLD
The oldest winery in the world was found in a cave in Armenia. According to the archeologists the winery is from the Bronze Age and was created around the 4100-4000 B.C.
"PRIX D` EXELLENCE" FOR THE ARMENIAN PAINTER YERVAND KOCHAR
In 2012 the Armenian artist Yervand Kochar was awarded "Prix d`Exellence" at the Art Monaco-Expo 12" for "Best work of art". Kochar was a world famous artist and a founder of the Painting in Space movement. In 1936 due to political reasons he repatriates from Paris to Soviet Armenia.
THE ARMENIAN OPERA SINGERS
By Ognyan Stamboliev
Goar Gaspryan was an Armenian opera singer, born in 1924 in Egypt. At the age of 24 she left for Soviet Armenia and debuted in the National Opera in Yerevan. With her voice so rich and full-toned, she played many world famous opera roles.
Zara Doluhanova was an Armenian opera singer, born in 1918 in Moscow. As a child she played the piano and the violin. When she was 16, her teachers noticed her beautiful voice and in 1938 she debuted in the National Opera in Yerevan. She was awarded a national prize in 1951.
THE EASTER TRADITIONS OF THE ARMENIANS
By Siranush Tanielyan
It can be said that Easter is the biggest Christian holiday in the Armenian calendar. Armenians mark the resurrection of Jesus Christ by respecting numerous customs through the whole Holy Week. On Maundy Thursday Armenians usually go to church and wash their feet just like Jesus did at the Secret dinner. The liturgy on Good Friday is dedicated to the suffering of Jesus. At Easter families in Armenia gather round the table and eat easter eggs and fish.
TRADITIONAL ARMENIAN CUISINE
FAMOUS PEOPLE FROM ARMENIA:
THE ARMENIANS IN THE MACEDONIAN-ADRIANOPOLITAN VOLUNTEER CORPS OF THE FIRST BALKAN WAR
By Mario Cvetkov
About 400 Armenians participated in the Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps of the Bulgarian army in the First Balkan war. By taking part of the military conflickt they were fighting for their own freedom too. After the war 24 Armenians were awarded medals and were declared heroes. A few Armenians also took part of the Second Balkan war.
PHOTOATELIER PRESENTS: A PHOTOALBUM OF ARMENIA
THE YEREVAN FILM FESTIVAL
The Yerevan Film Festival is an annual film festival, held in July in the Armenian capital of Yerevan. It awards not only Armenian, but also foreign directors from all over the world. The slogan of the festival "A crossroad of cultures and civilizations" shows that it aims at being a cultural bridge between the West and the East.
LITART PRESENTS: ARMENIAN EPOS, NARRATED BY ARMAND BASMADZHYAN
By Vania Petkova
ATELIER PRESENTS: THE ARTIST MONA MONEVA
Interview by Ognian Stamboliev
BOZHIDAR KOVACHEV AND THE GRAPHICS
By Dotchka Kisiova-Gogova
|Translated by Ilina Vasileva